Basic Guidelines For Pruning Trees And Shrubs

Basic Guidelines For Pruning Trees And Shrubs

One of the most daunting elements of gardening is also known to be pruning. Fearful of making a mistake, many individuals simply avoid it entirely, or in a futile effort to restrict their size, indiscriminately cut back plants. Hiring a professional landscaping company should be an easy fix to it all. Others make pruning cuts just because they think they have to do something about it. They may end up becoming worse off when plants are pruned heavily or without a particular intention in mind than if they were left alone.

Maintaining plant vigor, creating and retaining good structure,-fruit and flower production, improving health, enhancing ornamental characteristics, and limiting plant size are some of the key reasons for pruning.


There’s more to pruning than learning how to make acceptable cuts. You will need to consider how the plant is going to respond and what it will look like in the future. The natural growth habit, growth rate, height, and spread of the plant can determine this more than how you want it to look. Plants should be chosen and positioned based on their mature size and shape in the landscape. To maintain their size, plants that are inadequate for the site where they have been planted frequently require drastic pruning and will remain a continuous maintenance issue until they are removed or replaced. In general, plants that are permitted to grow according to their natural forms need very little pruning, while those that are sheared or trained in an unnatural shape would need regular care.

Pruning Instruments

A main part of pruning is to use the right tools for the job. Depending on the size and location of the branches they are cutting, most skilled pruners may use different instruments.

On branches that are up to a half-inch in diameter and come in two different sizes, pruning shears (hand pruners) may be used. Bypass pruners are best used on living branches because they make clean, tight cuts that heal faster, like a pair of scissors. On the other side, anvil pruners have a single blade that attaches to a solid plate. For live wood, these are not recommended because they crush stems, although they can be helpful for rapidly clipping dead branches.

Loppers have long handles and both hands are used for service. They can be used to easily cut small branches and stems that have a diameter of up to one inch. Be mindful that it can lead to bark damage by attempting to create larger cuts with loppers.

Only for pruning hedges, topiaries, and other formal shapes should hedging shears be used. The use of hedging shears on deciduous shrubs is seldom required. While shearing is faster than hand pruning, selective hand pruning for the plant is much better and, in the long term, results in a better structure.

In several different types, pruning saws come and can be used with branches greater than a half-inch in diameter. The cutting edge (teeth per inch) of a saw is measured in marks. Six-points are the most common general-purpose pruning saws and can be used for cutting small limbs. For delicate, near work, an 8-point saw, such as an apple saw, is most suitable, and a 4 1/2 point saw is most useful for pruning big, heavy limbs. For fast transport and storage, some have fixed handle blades, while others are fold-up. Hand saws may also have blades that are either straight or curved. For removing large branches, curved blades that cut on the pull stroke are more effective, while straight blades are better for small, detailed cuts.

Instrument Treatment

Just as it is necessary to choose the right instruments, taking good care of them is also important. To make clean cuts, all the pruning tools should be kept as sharp as possible. Branches with clean pruning wounds are more likely than those smashed or ragged from dull tools to heal properly.


When pruning, the introduction or spread of illness may be a problem. Although most diseases are not transmitted by pruning instruments, there may be a few. By dipping or wiping pruning tools with isopropyl alcohol or a 10 percent bleach solution (nine parts water, one part bleach) between cuts, especially when moving between related healthy and diseased plants, one of the best ways to protect against infection is. In addition, pruning healthy plants first and diseased plants last is a smart practice.

Basic Techniques in Pruning

Pruning is a task with due thinking and preparation should be tackled. How and where you make your pruning cuts can have a huge effect on how plants regenerate and fresh growth grows.

Have a good idea of how the tree or shrub might look in future years before you make the first cut. In essence, all plants respond to pruning cuts in the same way; you will be able to predict how your cuts will affect future growth as long as you study the general rules, For this, you need to hire a professional landscaping company so that it can be easy for you to manage everything.

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