The International Organization for Standardization, or ISO, is a multinational organisation that establishes quality standards for various products. With greater advancements in internet and digital technology, there is a greater emphasis on strictly adhering to ISO standards in these disciplines. As a result, the ISO 27001 certification is designed to offer a framework for an organisation’s information security management system (ISMS) and analyse its information security. It comprises a checklist to verify how data is handled, controlled, and used, as well as the regulations that govern it.
Standards Required to Obtain an ISO 27001 Certification
The engagement of both internal and external corporate stakeholders is required for a firm to acquire ISO certification. It may take several years to achieve because it is not a simple checklist that one can cross off for approval. Before seeking certification, the organisation must demonstrate that its ISMS is fully equipped with controls and addresses all risk concerns in its technology. As indicated below, ISO 27001 standards are divided and organised into 12 parts.
- Introduction presenting the company’s definition of information security and why it should manage its risks.
- The scope of this document covers the critical needs for an ISMS in organisations.
- The connections and differences between ISO 27000 and ISO 27001 are explained in normative references.
- The complicated terminology used in the ISO standard is defined by definitions and terminology.
Organisational involvement outlining which must involve stakeholders in the ISMS’s upkeep and choices.
- Leadership, describing how the management and leadership of the organisation must commit to the ISMS policies.
- Risk management plans are covered in the planning.
- Assist in defining the duties and techniques for raising IS awareness.
- Operation describing how the audit standards’ execution must be monitored and recorded.
- Performance evaluation provides guidelines for measuring and monitoring the performance of the ISMS.
- Enhancements to how the ISMS may be updated and developed in the future.
- Reference control goals that explain all audit aspects.
ISO 27001 Audit Controls
The term “audit controls” refers to the instructions documented by certification audits during compliance inspections. It is divided into 14 commands, which are listed below.
1.Access Control explains the organisation’s access privileges and how to maintain them.
- Asset Management- explaining how the ISMS manages databases, software, and hardware.
- Communications Security- refers to the security of communication networks both inside and outside the organisation, such as emails and conference calls.
- Compliance- specifies the industry or government regulations that apply to the organisation.
- Cryptography- covers the company’s encryption techniques.
- Human Resource Security- establishing the cybersecurity protocol throughout employee onboarding and offboarding.
- Information Security Aspects of Company Continuity Management- discusses the procedures used to deal with business disruptions.
- Information Security Incident Management- shows the procedures used to manage security breaches and unusual situations.
- Information Security Policies- which are documented and reviewed regularly.
- Data flow, collection, and storage are governed by operations security.
- Information security organisation- with well-defined charts and top-priority duties are given depending on roles.
- Physical and Environmental Security- specifies the building security features to secure the resources and equipment.
13.Supplier Relationships- describes the security standards used while dealing with third-party clients or customers.
- System acquisition, development, and maintenance- keep any new environment systems and their security in the loop.