There are no exact calculations as to how much exercise is appropriate for you dog.. It all depends on what breed your dog is, how old he is, how good his health and diet is.
Problems caused by too much exercise
Too much exercise can cause quite a few bone and joint problems in dogs. A few common problems include- adverse effects on growth plates, hip dysplasia- the abnormal development of the hip joint or even Osteochondritis dissecans- a cartilage defect.
Signs that your dog is overexerted
If your dog is exhausted beyond measure, there are a few ways in which you can make it out. If a dog is getting overexerted, he might be panting a lot, he might collapse, he might have red gums or a red tongue or can end up vomiting or having diarrhea.
how to control it?
• Keep your dogs breed in mind. Large breeds cannot take longer hikes; this will lead to more bone and joint problems. Smaller breeds are higher on the energy as compared to bigger breeds.
• Puppies do not need a lot of rigorous physical activities, a few short walks daily, along with plenty of nap time is ideal for a pups health. As he grows, you can up his exercise game since he will now require more workouts.
• Long hikes and runs over rigid terrains or improper surfaces can be problematic for your dog, leading to joint problems and strain on the bones. Running on cement can hurt your pups foot pads, so try treading on softer surfaces.
• Start your dogs exercise routine with short, slow walks with frequent water breaks for him to replenish his energy.
• Avoid walks or workouts in extreme temperatures. Too hot or too cold can be hard for your pup to handle.
• Understand the signals that your pup is trying to give you. If he starts slowing down or lagging behind, give him a break, do not overexert.
• If you suddenly take your pup out on a hardcore exercise trip once in a blue moon, remember that his muscles are at a high risk in this case. If your dog isn’t getting a regular exercise, just random hectic workouts at any time of the week, this might make his muscles extremely sore and can also cause tears.
• If your dog is on the heavier side, don’t just start him with miles and miles of trekking or walking, build the activity up slow and steady.