Several times, dermatologists hear questions from patients and even friends about how to keep their hair looking beautiful, healthy, and secure. Hence, experience and basic knowledge of the hair care products available would allow them to direct their patients better. Shampoo not only performs the primary function of cleaning the skin and hair of the scalp but also provides conditioning and beautification of the nose and serves as an adjunct in the treatment of various scalp disorders. To achieve this, different ingredients are mixed to give a shampoo suitable for individuals with varying types of hair and hair needs in the correct proportion.
The components involved in making a shampoo include detergents, conditioners, thickeners, screening agents, pH adjusters, preservatives, and specialty additives. Hair conditioners are designed to improve the handling of hair, reduce static electricity in the nose, and add luster. These are used in a number of ways depending on the individual’s hair condition and specification. The article aims to illustrate the fundamental and practical aspects of using these items.
The need for the hour is to have beautiful hair and skin, both part and parcel of our personalities. Those who begin to lose it due to different causes of hair loss appreciate the value of the gold sitting on our heads profoundly. Maintenance and hair care is a daily routine for most people, and it’s not unusual to see people investing a significant amount of time and money in hair care, creating a vast industry selling plenty of hair care products to meet the demand. India is also experiencing a beauty revolution with markets flooded with products that offer instant hair beautification.
What’s a healthy hair?
Healthy hair looks clean, comfortable to touch, smooth, untangled, have no frizz, and when you shake, your head is bouncy. To have this, you need not only good overall health and disease-free but also a routine job of hair care and grooming. Friction between hair and skin should be reduced in wet and dry conditions, respectively, for a smooth, damp, and dull look, and if you want a good feeling about bouncing and shaking the hair when walking and running, low friction between hair fibers. Today’s shampoos and conditioners target some of the factors that help the hair look right through their different ingredients burt’s bees shampoo .
Why should a dermatologist ask about products for skin cleansing?
Dermatologists also meet patients with or without hair problems, asking a lot of questions about how to keep hair looking beautiful and clean. Which shampoo or conditioner do I need to use for my hair type? Most patients ‘ most common questions. Familiarity with the hair care products available along with basic knowledge of the different hair types seen in individuals will help doctors provide expert advice and avoid awkward moments in clinical practice. The primary and practical aspects of cosmetic shampoo and conditioners relevant to a dermatologist would be discussed in this brief article. Therapy shampoo will, therefore, not be mentioned here.
What effects are the conditioners?
Conditioning agents can be described as additives that enhance hair feeling, appearance, completeness, lubricity, reflection, and overall handling. The need for hair conditioner emerged as a result of technological developments in shampoo formulation leading to effective sebum removal along with dirt and other undesirable hair and scalp residues. Sebum had to be replenished as the perfect hair conditioner. Thus, synthetic sebum such as a substance or conditioner that mitigates static electricity was necessary. Increasing hair shine, volume and enhancing hair handling and also preserving hair styling. These are also used for skin restoration after chemical treatments such as blowing, straightening, and coloring, and after hair drying, brushing, and styling caused physical trauma.
How are conditioners acting?
Conditioner molecules contain cationic surfactant that gives the conditioner a positive electrical charge. The hair’s negative charge is attracted to the positively charged conditioner molecules, resulting in conditioner being deposited on the hair, particularly in areas where weathering is degree. This is true for hair that has been damaged as they are charged even more negatively. Therefore, static energy is minimized by conditioners. We often flatten the cuticular scales over the hair shaft, reducing the friction between hair fibers, increasing the reflection of light, enhancing visibility and colour. The smooth feeling resulting from the use of the conditioner makes it easier to brush and detangle in both wet and dry conditions.
What’s in the conditioners?
There are several different active agents that can be combined to create a hair conditioner for a particular type of hair. Conditioners are essentially cationic structures that are provided with a dispersion rather than a solution for the best effect. • Cationic surfactants: Cetyltrimethylammonium chloride, beentrimonium and propyltrimonium, stearamidopropyl dimethylamine. They are known to be the foundation of a conditioner • Polymers: mono and polypeptides such as hydrolyzed proteins (amino acids), collagen-derived polypeptides and polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)• Body agents and thickeners: Waxes and gums (e.g. guar gum) and salt (sodium chloride)•emollientees /oily compounds. Fatty alcohols (e.g. cetyl alcohol and stearyle alcohol), waxes (e.g. carnauba wax and paraffin wax). For starters, jojoba oil, olive oil, or grape seed oil are natural oils used in conditioners. The most widely used synthetic oils are silicone (e.g. dimethicone, dimethiconol, amodimethicone, and cyclomethicone), which in terms of film shape, shine, and luster are even superior to natural oils. Asian countries have large hair diameters, hence a higher silicone concentration is used compared to that of Caucasian hair (3-5 percent vs. 0.5 percent)• Auxiliary emulsifiers: ethoxylated fatty alcohols (e.g. polysorbate-80 or ceteareth-20) which are non-ionic agents tend to be particularly effective in providing emulsion stability when catiionic agents alone can not acheive them.
How do you use conditioners?
Based on their needs, hair conditioners are used in many ways. The following were summarized: Instant conditioners are the most common instant conditioners. They are applied immediately after shampooing and left before rinsing for a short period of time (about 5 minutes). With minimally damaged hair, they are ideal for daily use. For both salon and home use, they are the most popular type of conditioner.
Deep conditioners Deep conditioners, also known as intense hair conditioners, are similar to instant conditioners, except that they are more concentrated and leave 20 to 30 minutes on the hair. Typically they are used for extremely dry hair as well as for chemical treatment such as coloring and waving. Blow drying conditioners Blow drying lotions are similar to instant conditioners, but they do not contain oil and can therefore be left on the hair and are useful for people with fine hair or excessive sebum scalp.
Hair glaze or hair thickeners conditioners They coat hair shaft, minutely increase their diameter and give thick hair illusion. Typically they contain as conditioners proteins.