You will probably be referred to a sleep disorder center. There, sleep professionals can help you determine the need for further evaluation.
Assessments often include nighttimes monitoring of breathing during sleep and other physical functions at sleep centers. The asleep test at home is also an option. The tests for detecting sleep apnoea are:
Sleep test at home. Your doctor may provide you with a simple test for use at home to diagnose sleep apnea. These tests usually measure heart rate, blood oxygen levels, airflow, and respiratory patterns.
However, portable surveillance devices do not detect all sleep apnoea cases, so doctors may recommend polysomnography, even if the initial results are normal.
If you have obstructive sleep apnea, your doctor may refer you to an ear, nose, or throat specialist to rule out obstruction of your nose or throat. An evaluation by a cardiologist (cardiologist) or a doctor specializing in the nervous system (neurologist) may be required to determine the cause of central sleep apnoea.
If you have a nasal allergy, your doctor will recommend treatment for your allergy.
If these measures do not improve the symptoms or symptoms, or if the aspiration is moderate to severe, other treatments are available.
Certain devices help open an obstructed airway.
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). If you have moderate to severe sleep apnea, it may help to use a machine that sends air pressure through a mask during sleep. With CPAP (SEE-pap), the air pressure is somewhat higher than the pressure of the surrounding air, which is sufficient to keep the upper airway open and prevent apnoea and stuffy nose. It helps you in Sleep apnoea treatment.
CPAP is the most common and reliable way to treat sleep apnea, but some people find it annoying or uncomfortable. Some people forget about CPAP machines, but by practicing, most people learn to adjust the mask strap’s tension for a comfortable and safe fit.
You may need to try multiple types of masks to find a Sleep apnoea treatment. If you have problems, do not stop using your CPAP machine. Check with your doctor to see what changes you can make to improve your comfort.
Also, if you are still snorting, or if you start snorting again despite treatment, contact your doctor. If you change your weight, you may need to adjust the pressure settings on your CPAP machine.
Other airway compression devices. If you still have problems using your CPAP machine, you may be able to use another type of airway pressure device (automatic CPAP) that automatically adjusts your pressure during sleep. Units that provide bi-level positive airway pressure (BPAP) are also available. They provide more pressure when inhaling and less pressure when exhaling.
Oral appliances. Another option is to use an oral device designed to keep your throat open. CPAP is more effective than oral devices, but oral devices may be easier to use. Some are designed to open the throat by pushing the chin forward. This may help relieve stuffy nose and mild obstructive sleep apnea.
Your dentist has several devices available. You may need to experiment with different devices before you can find the one that suits you.
Once you find a good fit, follow up with your dentist repeatedly for the first year, then follow up regularly to make sure the fit is still good and reassess your signs and symptoms. Is needed.
Treatment of related medical problems.
Oxygen supplementation. If you have central sleep apnoea, it may be helpful to use oxygen supplementation during sleep. There are several forms of oxygen available in devices for delivering oxygen to the lungs.
Adaptive Servo Ventilation (ASV).
However, it may not be a good option for people with predominant central sleep apnea and advanced heart failure.
You will read, listen to, and watch TV commercials about various treatments for sleep apnea. Talk to your doctor about treatments before trying.
Surgery is usually the only option after other treatments have failed. In general, it is advisable to try other treatment options for at least three months before considering surgery. However, for a few people with certain jaw structure problems, it is a good first choice.
Surgical options include:
Tissue extraction. During this procedure, your doctor will remove tissue from the back of your mouth and the top of your throat. This type of surgery may be successful in preventing the structure of the throat from vibrating and snorting. It is less effective than CPAP and is not considered a reliable treatment for obstructive sleep apnea.
If you can’t tolerate CPAP or oral devices, you can also remove the tissue behind your throat with radiofrequency energy.
Tissue contraction Another option is to use high-frequency ablation to shrink the tissue behind the mouth and throat. This procedure can be used for mild to moderate sleep apnea. One study found that this had the same effect as removing tissue, but with less surgical risk.
Jaw rearrangement In this procedure, the chin is moved forward from the remaining bones of the face. This increases the space behind the tongue and soft palate, reducing the chance of obstruction. This procedure is known as maxillary and mandibular advancement.
Implants Soft rods, usually made of polyester or plastic, are surgically implanted in the soft palate after receiving local anesthesia. Further research is needed to determine how well the implant works.
Nerve Stimulation This requires surgery to insert a nerve stimulator (low gloss nerve) that controls the tongue’s movement. Increasing the stimulus helps keep the tongue in a position that keeps the airways open. More research is needed.
Creation of a new airway (tracheostomy) This form of surgery may be necessary if other treatments fail, and there is severe and life-threatening sleep apnoea.
Cover the opening during the day. It obscures it at night, bypassing the choked airways and allowing air to enter and leave the lungs.
Other types of surgery can help reduce nasal congestion and treat sleep apnoea by cleaning or widening the airways:
● Surgery to remove enlarged tonsils or adenoids
● Weight loss surgery (barrier trick)
● Nose pillow mask
● The nasal pillow fits into the nasal passages and provides air pressure.
Lifestyle and home remedies
In some cases, self-care can be a way to deal with obstructive sleep apnoea and perhaps central sleep apnoea. Try the following tips.
Lose excess weight. Even a slight weight loss can help relieve a narrowed throat. In some cases, regaining a healthy weight may eliminate sleep apnoea, but regaining weight can cause recurrence.